What types of Composting Worms Should I Use?
Composting worms are not your average earth worm. The earth worms you can dig up in your own back
yard are an important part of the eco-system but they are completely unsuited for worm composting; which is
sometimes called vermicomposting.
All good composting worm breeds have several traits not found in the common earth worm.
To be effective vermicomposting worms a worm breed needs to; be able to live in dense colonies, prefer making their
home in airy bedding material instead of soil, reproduce quickly, and have a massive appetite for decaying organic
Fortunately for us there are several types of worms suitable for worm composting. But before you
rush out and order a couple pounds of worms it is important to learn what types of composting worms will work best
for you. Some are small while others are the size of night crawlers. Some breeds are extremely tolerant of cold
weather compared to others that flourish only in warm climates.
Before purchasing worms take a little time to learn about different breeds of composting
worms before you set up your worm farm. This will make your worm farming experienc successful and a lot
Red Wigglers the Composting Worm Champ
Red worms are perhaps the most popular choice for composting worms. The official breed name is
Eisenia Fetida but they go by many names; which can sometimes be confusing. They are often called red
wigglers, tiger worms, and trout worms.
No matter what you call them red worms are hard to beat as composting worms. They are
tolerate to both heat and cold and can consume massive amounts of organic waste matter quickly. No wonder
these hardy worms are considered champions of the composting worms.
Red worms also make great worms to make a bit of money with. They are popular as bait worms
and are often used to produce worm castings or vermiculture.
If you think red worms are the right choice for you learn a lot more about them here on our Red Worm page.
European Night Crawlers
Another good pick for composting worms are the European Night crawler, or the Eisenia Hortensis.
These worms are often called Belgian Night crawlers, ENCs, and Euros. While not as common as red worms the European
Night Crawler is quickly gaining popularity in composting bins.
Besides being great compost worms Euros make outstanding bait worms; they don't need to be
So if you choose to use European Night crawlers as your composting worms don't be surprised if anglers ask you to
sell them some.
If you think European Night crawlers are the right choice for your composting bin learn more about them here at
our European Night crawler page.
African Night Crawlers
The African Night crawler, or the Eudrilus Eugeniae, are sometimes simply called ANCs. The African
Night Crawler is another popular breed of composting worm. Native to warmer climates the ANC does a nice job
composting and breeds well if kept in warmer temperatures. Due to it's vulnerability to colder weather African
Night Crawlers need special care when raised in northern climates.
Like the European Night Crawler the African Night Crawler is a great bait worm making the
breed a good choice for composters in warmer climates that may want to branch out and make some money selling bait
African Night Crawlers are not suited for all worm farms. So before you consider using them as your
composting worms make sure and learn more about them on our African Night
Crawler page here.
Blue worms or the Perionyx Excavatus can process lots of organic material and are becoming more
popular as a composting worm. Blue worms are often called Malaysian blue worms or Indian blues. Like the African
Night Crawler the blue worm loves warm temperatures and does best in warm weather. So if you plan on using the blue
worm as a composting worm they need to stay warm. Unlike Night Crawlers blue worms stay small, about two inches
Blue worms are not right for every worm farm, so if you plan on using blue worms as your main
composting worm learn more about them at our Blue Worm page here.
The Alabama Jumper, Amynthas Gracilis, is yet another popular composting worm. The Alabama
Jumper is a good compost worm and since it can grow to six inches long it can pull double duty as a bait worm. Once
again you are dealing with a worm that thrives in tropic and sub-tropic climates. So if you live in northern
regions plan on using them indoors or at least in a heated outdoor bin.
Since Alabama Jumpers need at least a sub-tropic climate they can pose a challenge for some worm
farms. Learn more about these worms at our Alabama Jumper page here.
Dendrodes (Dendrodrilus Rubidus)
The Dendrode is more common to Europe, or Great Britain. However it has made in roads into North
America where it is suspected of having a negative impact in eco-systems where there are little
natural worm populations.
The Dendrode is a capable composting worm and pulls double duty as a bait worm.
However potential worm farmers should understand the environmental impact these worms may
Now that you learned a little about the various types of composting worms you probably have an idea
of which composting worms may be best for your worm farm.
But before you make your final decision be sure and visit each detailed page for each breed
to learn more about preferred habitats, compatibility with other breeds, and reproduction rates fo the
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